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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalence of Types of Corneal Astigmatism before Cataract Surgery

Author: AMIN NAJAFI, HABIB OJAGHI, TELMA ZAHIRIAN MOGHADAM, AFSHAN SHARGHI
Abstract: PURPOSE: The current study was performed to analyze the prevalence and presentation patterns of corneal astigmatism types in cataract surgery candidates. METHODS: Preoperative corneal astigmatism were prospectively measured with Autokeratometer in 780 patients (1018 eyes) during the year (2018) in cataract surgery (phacoemulsification) candidates. Descriptive and analytical statistics of astigmatism severity and keratometric data were performed based on age and sex. RESULTS: A total of 1018 eyes of 780 patients were included in the present study, of which 445 (57.1%) were female and 335 (42.9%) were male. Of the 1018 evaluated eyes, 590 (58%) were female and 428 (42%) were male. The mean age of the patients was determined as 65.88 ± 11.43 years. The mean flat and steep-axis keratometric values were recorded as 44.75 ± 1.86 D and 43.82 ± 1.69 D, respectively. Women showed significantly steeper corneas. Based on LOCS III system, the types of cataracts were as follows: Posterior subcapsular 37.4%, nuclear 28%, cortical 1%, and mixed 33.6%. Types of astigmatism were as follows: 34.7% with-the-rule (WTR), 29.3% against-the-rule (ATR), 35.3% oblique and 0.7% had no astigmatism. A significant relationship of the type of astigmatism with gender and age group was observed (P <0.001), where the prevalence of WTR and ATR were found to be higher among women and men, respectively. The prevalence of WTR was higher among lower age groups, while the prevalence of ATR was found to be higher among older age groups. Furthermore, 70.8% of the eyes revealed astigmatism of at least 0.5 diopters, followed by astigmatism of at least 1 diopter (33.6%), astigmatism of at least 1.5 diopters (16.2%0, and astigmatism of at least 2 diopters (9.2%). CONCLUSIONS: The Findings showed a significant prevalence of astigmatism greater than one diopters in these patients. The results of the study could provide valuable data for cataract surgeons and IOL manufacturers regarding the prevalence and type of corneal stigmatism.
Keyword: Cataract surgery, corneal astigmatism, keratometry, WTR, ATR, Oblique.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.02.0044
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