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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Contraceptive Use and Knowledge among Women in a Primary Healthcare Setting in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia

Author: AHMAD ALWAZZAN, SAMERA F. ALBASRI, AHMED A. MOUSA, ABDULLAH M. KAFY, ABDULRAHMAN E. ALSAGGAF , ABDULRAHMAN M. ALKUDSI, MOROUJ A. KANDIL , HUSSAM S. ALQUDSI, AHMAD M. RAMBO , SONDOS A. KENANI
Abstract: Background: It is important to understand the knowledge and perceptions of women concerning contraceptive use and side-effects. The aim of this study was to understand the pattern of use of contraceptive methods and knowledge about contraception among women living in Western Region of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administrated electronic questionnaire distributed to females in primary healthcare centers in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia (n = 959). The questionnaire was divided into two parts: the first part gathers knowledge about patient characteristics; and and the second part about contraceptive use and knowledge. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS v.21 software. Results: Most of participants were in the age group 20–35 years (57%), university graduates (60.90%), married and sexually active (82.20%) and multipara (64.10%). More participants had used contraceptives than not (67.70% vs. 32.30%). Among the women who used contraceptive pills (n= 649), the duration of contraceptive use was mostly =1–5 years (47.90%). The reason for using contraception was mainly to avoid getting pregnant (81.36%), followed by medical reasons (4.16%). Contraceptive pills were the commonest method used (36.10%), followed by IUD (25.10%). In patients used contraceptive methods, the choice of the suitable method was mostly according to doctor’s advice (67.20%); then advice from family and friends (30.70%). The side-effects actually encountered by the women using contraceptive methods were mostly mood swings (42.80%) and weight gain (28.50%),. Among women who did not use contraception, the reasons were mostly fear of side-effects or complications (21.30%). Conclusion: Women in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia, especially in the 20–30-years-old group, use a high number of contraceptive methods. A high proportion of participants had good knowledge about contraceptive types and side-effects.
Keyword: Contraceptive methods - Knowledge - Side effects – Saudi Arabia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.02.0012
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