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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Pharmacognostical and Preliminary Phytochemical Investigation of Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.) Pers. Root from Gujarat Region.

Author: UPLOADED BY-ADMIN, RAJAL SHAH, RUMIT SHAH, SUMITRA CHANDA
Abstract: Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.) Pers. (Fabaceae) is a highly branched, sub erect, herbaceous perennial herb reputed as tonic, diuretic, laxative, useful in cough, biliary splenic troubles in traditional texts. The present study was carried out to investigate morphological, microscopical, physicochemical and phytochemical screening of Tephrosia purpurea root found from different region of Gujarat. Morphological study shows that roots were cylindrical, tapering, has characteristic odour, brownish yellow in colour and a complex bitter taste. Ash value, extractive value, foreign organic matter and moisture content were determined for quality standard of drugs. The microscopy of powder shows phloem fibres, concentric starch grains, pitted xylem vessels. The powdered drug was defatted with petroleum ether and successively extract with different polarity solvent. Phytochemical investigation shows the presence of glycosides, phytosterols, saponins and flavanoids. Most of the morphological characters comply with the data available except in number of leaflets and size of leaf but root characters are almost similar.
Keyword: Tephrosia purpurea, microscopy, phytochemical study, physicochemical analysis
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