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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Self-Reported Quality of Life after Maxillofacial Surgical Treatment: A Prospective Cohort Study

Author: EHSAN ALIABADI, SAEID TAVANAFAR
Abstract: Aim: Quality of life is crucially affected by maxillofacial appearance and function. Facial trauma can cause dysfunction in chewing, speech, communication, and other daily activities. Maxillofacial trauma unexpectedly changes the patients’ physical and psychological well-being and potentially impairs their quality of life. The present study aimed to evaluate the quality of life after maxillofacial trauma. Materials and methods: This cohort study evaluated the quality of life in patients older than 15 years with maxillofacial fractures. Patient demographic information, type of facial bone fracture, etiology of trauma were recorded. Patients were asked to report their quality of life at one day, 30 days, and 90 days after the surgery through a 15-D questionnaire. Results: A total of 100 patients, including 68 men and 32 women, participated in this study. The mean age of the participants was 50.5 (age range 15 to 86 years old). The mean scores of quality of life one day, 30 days, and 90 days after the surgery were 0.65±0.12, 0.8±0.07, and 0.95±0.02, respectively. There was a significant correlation between the quality of life and the number of days passed from the surgery (P-value <0.001). The most common facial fracture among this population was mandible fracture, and the leading cause was road traffic accidents. Conclusion: Road traffic accident is still a significant etiology in maxillofacial trauma, and mandible fracture was the most common maxillofacial bone fracture. Clinical Significance: immediate surgical interventions significantly improve patient's quality of life in patients with maxillofacial fractures
Keyword: Quality of life, road accidents, maxillary fractures, mandibular fractures.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.01.120
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