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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Examination of Life Quality, Anxiety and Social Support in Adult Patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) admitted to Yasuj Pulmonary Clinic in 2017

Author: MOHAMMAD GHOLAMNEZHAD, MOHAMMAD MALEKZADEH, SAJAD HASSANZADEH
Abstract: Examining various studies show that life quality in asthmatic and COPD patients is not so desirable, but the aspects of life quality which are most likely to be affected by the disease and the level of life quality according to the patient is unclear. Since no similar studies have been conducted in Yasuj, the present study aimed to determine the life quality of patients with asthma and COPD from various aspects (physical, social, occupational, mental, and mental performance, sleep and rest) and the level of anxiety in these patients. The study was cross-sectional performed on 119 patients with asthma and COPD selected by convenience sampling method. Data collection tools were demographic questionnaire, asthma questionnaire, life quality questionnaire, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and perceived social support questionnaire. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS 23. According to the results, the life quality of the patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was reported to be in a desirable level as compared to the population mean (52.5 ± 21.6). There was a significant negative relationship between life quality and anxiety in the adult patients with asthma and COPD (p = 0.0001; t = -6.11) and the prevalence of anxiety was high in these patients. In the present study, the independent variable was FEV1 and dependent variable was the patients' life quality with the results showing a direct and significant relationship between them (p = 0.034). Moreover, it was found that life quality of the patients was not significantly correlated with disease duration and gender (p?0.05).
Keyword: Asthma, COPD, life quality, anxiety, social support
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.01.104
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