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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Hospital Based Cross Sectional Study: Distribution of Compliance for completion of ARV 4 dose among study participants

Author: SHIVASAKTHIMANI R, RAVIVARMAN G
Abstract: In infectious disease, Rabies has the highest case fatality rate. The major burden of rabies is attributable to dogmediated transmission rabies. Globally 26,400 – 61,000 deaths occur due to rabies annually and among them 95% of which are due to dog bite. In India 20,000 deaths occurs due to rabies in human and dog bites are the most common cause for the same. This high surge in this particular disease is thoroughly attributed to this reason of lack of awareness among commoners about wound management of dog bites and mainly due to lack of compliance to vaccination schedule by them. This work focuses to study the pattern of dog bites ,dog bite management practices, compliance of anti-rabies vaccine regimen and existing taboos practiced in relation to dog bite. A Cross sectional study was carried out in Primary Health Center, Semmancherry an urban slum .It included patients attending antirabies clinic with the sample size 301.A pretested, semi structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Chi - square test and Independent T- test was used. The overall compliance of anti - rabies vaccine in study population was 70.5%. The major constraints for compliance were 41.4% loss of wages. Only half of the participants washed the wound with soup and water but only 5% washed the bite site with soap and water applied antiseptic. The overall score of the management practices of dog bite was found to be 2.71 ± 1.00. 83.4 % of the study participants followed some food restriction after dog bite. Only half of the participants followed right management practices. Compliance of ARV in our study was moderate. Many cultural practices and taboos were prevalent. Health education and behaviour change communication need to be implemented.
Keyword: World Health Organization, Intramuscular Anti- Rabies Vaccine, Idrv - Intradermal Anti- Rabies Vaccine, Anti-Rabies Vaccine, Rabies Immunoglobulin, Primary Health Center
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