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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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An Investigation Of The Effect Of Positive Thinking Training And Pray On Depression In Elderly Women Referring To Imam Reza Specialty And Subspecialty Clinic In Shiraz, Iran

Author: FARIBA (PHD), MAHTAB NARAGHI RAD (MS)
Abstract: Depression is a common mental health problem in old age and as the studies show, positive thinking and spirituality interventions play a crucial role in improving it. This research aimed to analyze the impact of positive thinking and pray on depression in elderly women referring to Imam Reza specialty and subspecialty clinic in Shiraz. This study is quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design through which 83 elderly women referring to Imam Reza specialty and subspecialty clinic in Shiraz in 2019 with symptoms of depression were selected using available sampling and simple-random and then divided into two experimental and control groups. The tools used for data collection was a Geriatric Depression Scale. The experimental group received eight 90 -minutes sessions (once a week) for positive thinking training and pray. Immediately, and one month after the training sessions finished, both groups were evaluated using geriatric depression scale. At the end of the study the mean ± standard deviation score for depression before the intervention and one month after the intervention in the experimental group had a remarkable reduction from 9.61 ± 1.96 to 6.19 ± 2.4; while the same score in control group has reached from 9.57 ± 2.57 to 8.09 ± 3.01. Considering time, group, and time in the group, there is a meaningful statistical difference between the two groups, p = 0.003. Also, the pair wise comparisons Bonferroni test showed that the average depression score before to one month after the intervention has reduced meaningfully, p< 0.05. The results revealed that creating positive thoughts and relying on spiritual beliefs leads to decreased depression in elderly people.
Keyword: positive thinking, positive psychology intervention, older adults, prayer
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.01.022
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