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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Investigating the Factors Affecting Cesarean Section in Fasa: a Case-control Study

Author: HALEH GHAEM1, SEYEDEH LEILA DEHGHANI, MASOUMEH MOUSAVI
Abstract: The cesarean section refers to delivering the baby, the placenta, and the membranes by cutting the abdominal wall and the uterus. While the global cesarean rate is 10-30 percent, the rate in Iran is 50-65 percent. The aim of this study was to determine the effective factors of pregnancy termination in cesarean section. This case-control study was performed on 252 women who referred to Fasa health centers after delivery in 2015. The required information was extracted by interviewing the cases and controls by the researcher as well as by referring to the health records. After collection, data was entered into SPSS software and analyzed using logistic regression test. This study was performed on 252 people, of which 126 had cesarean section and 126 had normal deliveries. The mean age of mothers was 31.40 ± 5.45 and the body mass index was 23.35 ± 2.63. In single-variable model, birth rate, mother's occupation, education, cesarean history, history of hypertension, history of stillbirth, gestational diabetes, fear of normal delivery, bleeding, delivery time, type of pregnancy, education level, spouse's job, smoking, CPD , NST showed a significant correlation with cesarean section (P=.05). In the final model, the most important factors affecting delivery were: First childbirth, fear of normal delivery, cesarean history, education, spouse's occupation, and wife's education. Although cesarean has been accepted as a necessary step in the lives of mothers and the infant as a life-saving act, in addition to the natural indications of education, occupation and maternal fear of normal delivery, they are also effective factors in pregnancy termination by cesarean section. It is suggested that pregnant women be trained to prevent pregnancy complications to choose the correct method of pregnancy termination and not to suffer from complications from cesarean delivery.
Keyword: Effective factors, cesarean section, case control.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.01.021
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