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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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Assessment of prescribing pattern of oral anti diabetic drugs in a tertiary care hospital

Author: GIKKU VARGHESE, CHERYLN ANN CHACKO, JEFFIN JOSEPH, CATHERIN BABU, MR.PHILIP JACOB, DR.ROSHINY THANKOM JAMES
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. India has greater number of diabetic population in the world and Kerala is referred to be the Diabetic Capital of India. Assessment of prescription pattern of oral hypoglycemic agents helps to evaluate the commonly prescribed anti-diabetic agents and it also helps to assess the treatment pattern in different age groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out over a period of six months in General Medicine Department Of Muthoot Healthcare, Pvt. Ltd, Kozhencherry. The type 2 diabetic patients who were on oral hypoglycemic were enrolled in the study. A suitable data collection form was prepared and used to collect the required data. The demographic data, disease data and the utilization of various oral antidiabetic agents were analyzedand the knowledge of the patients was assessed by using a Knowledge,Attitude and Practice questionnaire.. For this study 398 subjects were enrolled based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS:Among the study population 61% (243) were females. The majority of patients (33.0%) were in the age group of 61-70 years. Metformin and Glimepiride were the most common drug used among the various oral antidiabetics prescribed. The present study shows that type 2 diabetes was prevalent more in females than males. The elderly patients were at high risk of developing Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Metformin and Glimepiride were the most common antidiabetic drugs prescribed.
Keyword: Type II diabetes mellitus, oral antidiabetic drugs, prescribing patterns, metformin, knowledge.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.04.091
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