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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Prevalence of obesity and correlation with BP and diabetes: A random survey in Jazan region of Saudi Arabia

Author: SHYAM SUNDER PANCHOLI, HAFIZ A MAKEEN, M M SAFHI, AHMAD A ALBARRAQ
Abstract: Abstract Saudi society has conventionally considered individuals with obesity as healthy but there is a steady increase in the mortality rate with increasing degree of obesity. Apparently healthy subjects of either sex belonging to different age groups were screened randomly by measuring height, weight and blood pressure followed by residual blood sugar testing. A large fraction of sample population consisted of school and college going young age students, 53% of females in sample population were of 20 years or below. Average BMI for the sample population was 26.03 Kg/m2 with a wide range from very lean to highly obese. People whose BMI is within 18.5 to 24.9 Kg/m2 and those having ideal body weight constitute 37.72% of sample population (female 58.33% and male: 27.7%). A positive and significant correlation in BMI and age (r= 0.3009, p<0.0126) was observed for female, but not for male. The females in elder age are more likely to be obese than males. A steady increase in RBS values with the age was also observed. The overall occurrence of diabetics was found to be 7.27%. High percentage of population above age of 40 falls in category of diabetics. Male (25.9%) and female(12.84%) were found to be hypertensive, but as such no significant association of BP and age and so also between BMI and BP could be established. The higher incidence of hypertensive patients in higher age group for both sexes appears to indicate some complex relationship with the age and obesity. The estimated sedentary life style in different age groups of Saudi nationals range from 43.3% to 99.5% and prevalence of the obesity is expected to continue to increase in future. A premeditated attempt to reverse the adverse effects of obesity may yield good result to avoid health hazards.
Keyword: Saudi Arabia, obesity, BMI, RBS, diabetes, hypertension
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