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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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A review on ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Plantago major L. – nature's treasure

Author: MOHD ALI, LINGAIAH RAJU, KAPIL KUMAR VERMA
Abstract: Plantago major L. is a ubiquitous herbaceous plant with many medicinal activities which has been extensively used in traditional medicine. The whole plant used in traditional and folkloric systems of medicine to treat diseases relating to skin, respiratory organs, digestive organs, reproduction and blood circulation like wounds, for inflammation and pain relief, hypertension, insect stings and as anti-infective. The roots are considered astringent and febrifuge and used in decoction to treat cough. The seeds are considered demulcent stimulant, diuretic and are mainly used as remedy for dysentery and diarrhea. The phytochemical studies have shown the presence of many secondary metabolites belonging to glycoside, alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids and caffeic acid derivatives. Crude extracts and isolated compounds from Plantago major L. possesses a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities, such as antimicrobial, antiulcerogenic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antihypertensive, diuretic, immunomodulator and antiviral activity. This review highlight the traditional, phytochemical, and pharmacological information available on Plantago major, which might be helpful for scientist and researcher to find out new chemical entities responsible for its claimed traditional uses.
Keyword: Plantago major L., Traditional uses, Phytochemical constituents, Biological activities.
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