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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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Effects of Trunk and Neck Stabilization Exercises Using Visual Information on Trunk Control and Gross Motor Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy

Author: SO-HEE KIM, HYUN-CHUL HWANG, SANG-UK HYUN, TAE-HO KIM
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of trunk and neck stabilization exercises combined with visual information on the trunk control and gross motor function of children with cerebral palsy. The subjects were 18 children with cerebral palsy between the ages of 8 and 15 who classified as stage 1, 2, or 3 by the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Subjects were assigned to either the experimental or the control group in equal numbers. Both groups participated in an eight-week intervention with two 50-minute sessions per week. The experimental group received a 20-minute session of trunk and neck stabilization exercises using visual information in addition to 30 minutes of conventional neurodevelopmental physical therapy; the control group received a 20-minute session of trunk and neck stabilization exercises without visual information in addition to 30 minutes of conventional neurodevelopmental physical therapy. Assessment of changes in trunk control at a sitting position before and after the intervention was conducted using the Trunk Control Measurement Scale(TCMS). The Gross Motor Function Measurement(GMFM) was performed to evaluate the changes between before and after the interventions in gross motor function.The TCMS results suggested that dynamic and static balance control significantly improved in both the experimental and control groups. Dynamic sitting control and dynamic reaching were significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group.Both the experimental and control groups showed significant increase in the gross motor function. The Gross Motor Function wassignificantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group. In conclusion, neurodevelopmental therapy with trunk and neck stabilization exercises using visual information was more effective than the same therapy without visual information for improving trunk control and gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy.
Keyword: Cerebral Palsy, Gross Motor Function, Stabilization, Trunk Control, Visual Information
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.04.058
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