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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

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0975-2366
5 - Years Impact Factor

Year 2012 - 2016

Impact Factor: 1.55

Total Publications: 317

Total Citation: 491

Year 2011 - 2015

Impact Factor: 1.46

Total Publications: 326

Total Citation: 477

Year 2010 - 2014

Impact Factor: 1.3

Total Publications: 313

Total Citation: 407

Year 2009 - 2013

Impact Factor: 0.973

Total Publications: 293

Total Citation: 285

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Upper respiratory tract infections children caused by viruses (URTI)

Author: DR.ABEER ABDULQADER, MR(S).BUSHRA ISMAIL IBRAHIM
Abstract: The study was aimed at determining bacterial agents of the upper respiratory tract and the susceptibility patterns of isolates to antibiotics. In total, 250patients who attending Salah Aldin Hospital,gynecology and pediatric teaching hospital and Samarra Hospital who complain of respiratory complication have been Screened to obtain the prevalence of respiratory pathogens and to understand the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates using standard microbiological procedure and the disc-diffusion test. Of the 250 samples screened, 182 (72.8%) had upper RTIs according to physical diagnosis of physicians that include (64.8%) had viral infection and (35.1) had bacterial infection .cultures with the dominant bacterial pathogens being Haemophilusinfluenzae (40.6%), followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae (28%), Klebsiellapneumoniae (17.1%), and Staphylococcus aureus (9%). Although 67% of the isolates were recovered from females compared to 32.9% from males, the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). the pathogens were isolated from the age-group of 10-13 years was 22.5%, while 34.6% from the age-group of 1-3 years, and 12% from the age-group of 10-12 years. Antibiotic susceptibility testing revealed that gentamicin (92%) and cefuroxime (88.4%) were the most effective antibiotics against the isolates. Generally, susceptibility ranged from 0% to 92% depending on the antibiotic and the species of microorganism. Penicillin had the highest (100%) resistance to all the isolates. Although multidrug-resistant strains of organisms were identified, gentamicin and cefuroxime are recommended as the first-line antibiotics of choice against the pathogens.
Keyword: Haemophilusinfluenzae, URTI
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.03.106
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Impact Factor for five years is 1.55 (2012 - 2016)

Year 2011 - 2015 Impact Factor - 1.46 Total Publications - 326 Total Citations - 477