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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Evaluation of Leaves of Myristica fatua var. magnifica (Beddome)Extracts

Author: PADMAJA V, CHINNA ESHWARAIAH M, SRINIVAS NAYAK A
Abstract: The present study, evaluation of thepharmacognosticas well as phytochemicals of Myristica fatualeave extracts.Themicroscopic study at midrib portion shows upper, lower epidermis enclosedbya single layered cuticle. In lamina region upper epidermis (Below) double layered palisade tissue appeared. The phloem (central), xylem,fibers of xylem, vesselsalsopith were present. Trichomes are unicellular (blunt) and stomatashould be in paracytic type were existing.From the microscopic evaluation,stomatal index [upper (38.3)&lower (56.3)sides], the vein islet (21) and vein terminal numbers (6) wereestablished. The crude extracts were prepared by using various organic solvents and the extractive values of petroleum ether (1.10), ethyl acetate (3.76) and methanol (10.50) were determined. Total ash (10.04), water soluble (0.49) and acid insoluble ash (4) were also performed. Phytochemical study has shown the existence of flavonoids, tannins and alkaloids etc.From the results of morphology/organoleptic, microscopy, physicochemical and phytochemicalsparameters of leavesas tool for development of standards for appropriateconfirmation, quality, and purity of Myristica fatua.
Keyword: Pharmacognostic, Phytochemical,Myristica fatuaand Leaves
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.03.070
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