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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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The effect of educational program based on health belief model on anemic pregnant women’s knowledge and perception regarding anemia

Author: MAGROOM SENIAR, BADEEAH M.NAJEEB
Abstract: Background and objective: As one of the most prevalent nutritional deficiencies among women of reproductive age, anemia can lead to serious complications for both pregnant women and neonates. Health Belief Model has been proposed as a basis to develop nutrition improvement programs in order to change and improve dietary behaviors, perceptions, and practice, which can finally improve conditions caused by anemia. The present study was aimed at examining the effects of an HBM-based educational program on anemic pregnant women’s dietary perception, knowledge, and practice. Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental experiment that was conducted on 110 anemic pregnant women. The required data were collected using a researcher-designed questionnaire, a packed cell volume (PCV), and a checklist, which were all used in the beginning and end of the study as pretests and posttests . The collected data were analyzed using Chi-squire test, McNemar’s test, paired samples T-test, and Mann-Whitney test through SPSS 20.0. Results: The results of the present study indicated that as a result of the proposed health belief model-based educational program in the end of the experiment, the intervention women were significantly different with the control women in terms of their anemia-related knowledge, perception, and practice (p>0.001). Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, it was concluded that health belief model can be utilized as an effective tool to change dietary and nutritional behavior and practice and also knowledge and perception regarding anemia among pregnant women.
Keyword: anemia, health belief model, educational program pregnant women, knowledge, perception
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.02.107
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