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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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A thermo-spinal massage program changes pain, recurrence rate, and quality of life in patients with low back pain

Author: YOUNG-SOON YOON, SOON-KWON PARK, JEONG-SOOK PARK, SANG-YUN NAM, KA-EUN KIM, IL-YOUNG CHO
Abstract: Background:This study aimed to investigate the effect of a thermo-spinal massage program on back pain degree and recurrence rate as well as changes in quality of life using a home device with good accessibility. Methods:We retrospectively reviewed the medical data of patients who used a thermo-spinal massage device(CGM MB-1401; Ceragem, South Korea) for 8 weeks to treat subacute recurrent back pain; those with a Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) score of 4–6 and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) of 40% or less were chosen. The device was used once a day for 40 minutes5 times a week for 2 months. Thirty-one patients (14 males, 17 females) met the criteria and their age was 61.77 ± 8.27. Pain numeric rating scale (PNRS), 3 indices (ODI, RMDQ, ODI) for assessing quality of life, and the frequency of pain episodes were gathered from the medical records. For each measure, baseline data before massage were compared with those just (P0) after and 6 months (P6) after 2 months of massage. Results:PNRS score they experienced over the last 6 months was 3.93 ± 0.89, the frequency of recurrence was 1.71 ± 0.82, and the history of back pain was 30.03 ± 14.57 months before the massage. PNRS, ODI, and RMDQ decreased significantly at P0 and P6.Among the EQ-5D items, the most frequent complaints were pain/discomfort, followed by mobility, anxiety/depression, usual activity, and self-care. At P0, the order was the same, but self-care and usual activity changed at P6. Mobility, usual activity, and anxiety/depression improved significantly at 8 months, self-care improved at P0, while pain/discomfort improved at P0 and P6.The mean PNRS for 6 months after treatment was improved over 6 months before the study, and the frequency of recurrence of back pain decreased after 6 month. Conclusions: The thermo-spinal massageprogram, which can be easily used at home, can reduce pain and improve quality of life.
Keyword: RMDQ, ODI
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.03.102
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